Korean

Learning Hangul

Learning how to read Korean is the first step in learning Korean.

If you are starting to learn Korean, the first thing to do is learning the Korean alphabet. Duolingo has now added Korean to its list of languages and I thought creating a series a posts along side the lessons would help those starting out. The first three parts of the Korean tree is learning the alphabet and here is a breakdown of them, so you won’t feel so lost and can have some extra practice.

Here is a great video to start off with the vowels.

Vowels

  • ㅗ (o) [in basic form written as 오]
  • ㅓ(eo) [in basic form written as 어]
  • ㅏ(a) [in basic form written as 아]
  • ㅣ(i) [in basic form written as 이]
  • ㅜ (u) [in basic form written as 우]
  • ㅡ (eu) [in basic form written as 으]
  • ㅐ(ae) [in basic form written as 애]
  • ㅔ(e) [in basic form written as 에]
  • ㅠ (yu) [in basic form written as 유]
  • ㅛ (yo) [in basic form written as 요]
  • ㅕ(yeo) [in basic form written as 여]
  • ㅑ(ya) [in basic form written as 야]
  • ㅒ(yae) [in basic form written as 얘]
  • ㅖ(ye) [in basic form written as 예]
  • ㅘ (wa) [in basic form written as 와]
  • ㅙ (wae) [in basic form written as 왜]
  • ㅝ (weo) [in basic form written as 워]
  • ㅞ (we) [in basic form written as 웨]
  • ㅚ (oi) [in basic form written as 외]
  • ㅢ (eui) [in basic form written as 의]
  • ㅟ [in basic form written as 위]

Here is a great video to start off with for consonants.

Consonants

All of the consonants have names, but to make it simple, I will just have the romanticized letters they represent.

  • 9 plain consonants:
    • ㄱ (g/k), ㄴ (n), ㄷ (d/t), ㄹ (r/l), ㅁ (m), ㅂ (b), ㅅ (s), ㅇ (ng), ㅈ(j/ch)
  • 5 tense consonants:
    • ㄲ (gg), ㄸ (dd/tt), ㅃ (bb), ㅆ (ss), ㅉ (jj)
  • 5 aspirated consonants:
    • ㅊ (ch), ㅋ (k), ㅌ (t), ㅍ (p/f), ㅎ(h)

Writing and Bringing It All Together

Koreanclass101 has free PDFs that will allow you to print and practice writing hangul. Click here and download yours today! You can also practice writing in a journal. Or you can download a fun little app called Write It! Korean for Android users and I am not entirely sure for IOS users, but I know there has to be an app similar.

I hope this helps you even just a tad! If you would like to join my group on the Duolingo app,

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